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Movimento Nacional em Defesa
da Lngua Portuguesa

Ridculo? Palhaada?

Como qualquer movimento organizado, o MNDLP tambm recebe mensagens de pessoas que no compreendem a validade desse trabalho, e consideramos isso como uma reao normal. Muitos dos nossos atuais companheiros chegaram at ns com esse pensamento, de que a luta pelo idioma ridcula, uma palhaada, algo de quem no tem o que fazer. Inteligentes, eles mantiveram a mente aberta para conhecer novas idias, outras opinies, e perceberam os reais motivos por que lutamos.

Gostaramos sinceramente que, antes de formular seu julgamento, conhecesse mais amplamente nosso trabalho, nosso declogo e algumas de nossas realizaes. Talvez, refletindo mais, perceba que nossa luta ainda maior do que parece no primeiro contato, no se trata de meramente substituir palavras, mas de recuperar um sentimento de orgulho nacional, de cidadania, de respeito aos nossos valores e nossa cultura. E que, mesmo assim, temos grande possibilidade de vencer: basta que cada pessoa pense um pouquinho nisso.

H quem no goste de ler - temos uma mensagem especial, ento.

H quem considere a luta perdida - o amplo debate sobre o tema que temos incentivado nos ltimos meses nos mostra que, pelo contrrio, temos grande possibilidade de sucesso. Lgico - no em dias ou meses, mas dentro de um processo continuado de conscientizao.

Nossa melhor arma a mesma que usaram contra os brasileiros: a seduo, mostrar que podemos ter orgulho do que somos, da nao que formamos, da cultura que temos. O truque simples: como nas artes marciais, usamos a fora do adversrio para venc-lo. Assim, quanto mais forte for o adversrio, melhor para ns.

H quem ridicularize essa luta contra o que consideram uma tendncia invencvel -  contrapomos lembrando a defesa do idioma feita por outros povos, inclusive a ao dos Estados Unidos na tentativa de defender o idioma ingls, ameaado em seu prprio pas. E, por falar em ridculo, veja nossa seo Ria... para no chorar

Bem, ainda no concorda conosco. No nos surpreende. No fcil abrir a mente, remover camadas e camadas de lavagem cerebral a que os brasileiros tm sido expostos por tanto tempo. Ento, envie-nos suas opinies e crticas, pois elas s nos ajudam a melhorar nossas respostas, aumentam at a nossa disposio de lutar para que as modificaes que desejamos aconteam.

Considere, por exemplo, a resposta de um dos membros de nossa lista de debates a esta crtica (que, inclusive, levou criao desta pgina):

**********
          Assunto: PALHAADA

Estive dando uma olhada no site de voces, e fiquei admirado como pode existir pessoas que perdem o tempo com este assunto de protecao a lingua portuguesa.

O pior e que vcs acham que um dia vao ganhar forca, e as pessoas vao deixar de trazer o ingles para a nossa lingua.

Nao adianta fazer esse tipo de manifestacao... Alias, queria propor para vcs fazerem um movimento de implementar de vez o ingles aqui no brasil... aposto que seria muito mais util.

          Regards,
          Nelson

*********

Assunto: [Idioma] Palhaada Respondida
    Data: Tue, 12 Jun 2001 07:01:32 -0300
       De: "Paulo Henrique M. de Oliveira" <*****@uol.com.br>

Caro Nelson:

A julgar pelas "consideraes" finais de sua mensagem, suponho que voc seja um falante do ingls. Se assim for, parabns. O aprendizado de um outro idioma s contribui para a abertura de novas fronteiras culturais, devendo, por isso mesmo, ser estimulado. No me refiro apenas lngua inglesa, mas, tambm, ao espanhol, francs, alemo, grego, russo etc.

A minha preocupao no lingstica, Nelson. poltica, sim. Ao permitirmos a invaso dos outros idiomas em nossa lngua, estamos excluindo os desassistidos que sequer falam o portugus direito. Esse povo, por no ter capacidade financeira de ser consumidor, est sendo jogado no lixo.

A lngua (qualquer que seja ela) o primeiro fator de identidade de um povo. Ao abrirmos mo dela, estamos deixando de lado a nossa identidade cultural. Eu me orgulho de ser brasileiro, sim. Acima disso, porm, h o orgulho de ser o que quero ser e no o que me impem. No sou cordeiro, no sou vassalo, nem colono. 

A invaso dos estrangeirismos em nossa lngua cria um mostrengo que no nem uma coisa, nem outra. Por exemplo: eu no sei - honestamente - se voc tem como primeira lngua o ingls ou o portugus. Suponho, mesmo, que seja o ingls, dada a pouca familiaridade com o vernculo nacional. Qual sua lngua?

Diferentemente do que voc possa ter imaginado, ao enviar-me sua mensagem, ela no nos contraria. Ao contrrio, alegra-nos. Sua mensagem revela que, ao menos, voc no um passivo, ou seja, uma pessoa que assimila por osmose tudo o que lhe impem. O assunto incomoda a voc e isso j um comeo.

Mas o seu direito de lutar para que o ingls seja oficializado no Brasil (com letra maiscula) inalienvel. E j que voc ardoroso defensor do idioma de Shakespeare, remeto-lhe, abaixo, alguns textos para seu deleite.

J que para falar ingls, que o faamos decentemente, no ?

Um abrao,

Paulo Henrique M. de Oliveira

Trecho de Hamlet (Shakespeare)
To be, or not to be: that is the question:
Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep;
No more; and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish'd. To die, to sleep;
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause: there's the respect
That makes calamity of so long life;
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely,
The pangs of despised love, the law's delay,
The insolence of office and the spurns
That patient merit of the unworthy takes,
When he himself might his quietus make
With a bare bodkin? who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread of something after death,
The undiscover'd country from whose bourn
No traveller returns, puzzles the will
And makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of?
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all;
And thus the native hue of resolution
Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought,
And enterprises of great pith and moment
With this regard their currents turn awry,
And lose the name of action.--Soft you now!
The fair Ophelia! Nymph, in thy orisons
Be all my sins remember'd.

Que tal um trecho de Chaucer? O trecho abaixo dos Contos da Canturia (Canterbury Tales):

The Nun's Priest's Tale

2821 A povre wydwe, somdeel stape in age
2822 Was whilom dwellyng in a narwe cotage,
2823 Biside a grove, stondynge in a dale.
2824 This wydwe, of which I telle yow my tale,
2825 Syn thilke day that she was last a wyf,
2826 In pacience ladde a ful symple lyf,
2827 For litel was hir catel and hir rente.
2828 By housbondrie of swich as God hire sente
2829 She foond hirself and eek hir doghtren two.
2830 Thre large sowes hadde she, and namo,
2831 Three keen, and eek a sheep that highte malle.
2832 Ful sooty was hire bour and eek hir halle,
2833 In which she eet ful many a sklendre meel.
2834 Of poynaunt sauce hir neded never a deel.
2835 No deyntee morsel passed thurgh hir throte;
2836 Hir diete was accordant to hir cote.
2837 Repleccioun ne made hire nevere sik;
2838 Attempree diete was al hir phisik,
2839 And exercise, and hertes suffisaunce.
2840 The goute lette hire nothyng for to daunce,
2841 N' apoplexie shente nat hir heed.
2842 No wyn ne drank she, neither whit ne reed;
2843 Hir bord was served moost with whit and blak, --
2844 Milk and broun breed, in which she foond no lak,
2845 Seynd bacoun, and somtyme an ey or tweye;
2846 For she was, as it were, a maner deye.
2847 A yeerd she hadde, enclosed al aboute
2848 With stikkes, and a drye dych withoute,
2849 In which she hadde a cok, hight chauntecleer.
2850 In al the land, of crowyng nas his peer.
2851 His voys was murier than the murie orgon
2852 On messe-dayes that in the chirche gon.
2853 Wel sikerer was his crowyng in his logge
2854 Than is a clokke or an abbey orlogge.
2855 By nature he knew ech ascencioun
2856 Of the equynoxial in thilke toun;
2857 For whan degrees fiftene weren ascended,
2858 Thanne crew he, that it myghte nat been amended.
2859 His coomb was redder than the fyn coral,
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Page 200
2860 And batailled as it were a castel wal;
2861 His byle was blak, and as the jeet it shoon;
2862 Lyk asure were his legges and his toon;
2863 His nayles whitter than the lylye flour,
2864 And lyk the burned gold was his colour.
2865 This gentil cok hadde in his governaunce
2866 Sevene hennes for to doon al his plesaunce,
2867 Whiche were his sustres and his paramours,
2868 And wonder lyk to hym, as of colours;
2869 Of whiche the faireste hewed on hir throte
2870 Was cleped faire damoysele pertelote.
2871 Curteys she was, discreet, and debonaire,
2872 And compaignable, and bar hyrself so faire,
2873 Syn thilke day that she was seven nyght oold,
2874 That trewely she hath the herte in hoold
2875 Of chauntecleer, loken in every lith;
2876 He loved hire so that wel was hym therwith.
2877 But swich a joye was it to here hem synge,
2878 Whan that the brighte sonne gan to sprynge,
2879 In sweete accord, my lief is faren in londe!
2880 For thilke tyme, as I have understonde,
2881 Beestes and briddes koude speke and synge.
2882 And so bifel that in a dawenynge,
2883 As chauntecleer among his wyves alle
2884 Sat on his perche, that was in the halle,
2885 And next hym sat this faire pertelote,
2886 This chauntecleer gan gronen in his throte,
2887 As man that in his dreem is drecched soore.
2888 And whan that pertelote thus herde hym roore,
2889 She was agast, and seyde, herte deere,
2890 What eyleth yow, to grone in this manere?
2891 Ye been a verray sleper; fy, for shame!
2892 And he answerde, and seyde thus: madame,
2893 I pray yow that ye take it nat agrief.
2894 By god, me mette I was in swich meschief
2895 Right now, that yet myn herte is soore afright.
2896 Now god, quod he, my swevene recche aright,
2897 And kepe my body out of foul prisoun!
2898 Me mette how that I romed up and doun
2899 Withinne our yeerd, wheer as I saugh a beest
2900 Was lyk an hound, and wolde han maad areest
2901 Upon my body, and wolde han had me deed.
2902 His colour was bitwixe yelow and reed,
2903 And tipped was his tayl and bothe his eeris
2904 With blak, unlyk the remenant of his heeris;
2905 His snowte smal, with glowynge eyen tweye.
2906 Yet of his look for feere almoost I deye;
2907 This caused me my gronyng, doutelees.
2908 Avoy! quod she, fy on yow, hertelees!
2909 Allas! quod she, for, by that God above,
2910 Now han ye lost myn herte and al my love.
2911 I kan nat love a coward, by my feith!
2912 For certes, what so any womman seith,
2913 We alle desiren, if it myghte bee,
2914 To han housbondes hardy, wise, and free,
2915 And secree, and no nygard, ne no fool,
2916 Ne hym that is agast of every tool,
2917 Ne noon avauntour, by that God above!
2918 How dorste ye seyn, for shame, unto youre love
2919 That any thyng myghte make yow aferd?
2920 Have ye no mannes herte, and han a berd?
2921 Allas! and konne ye been agast of swevenys?
2922 Nothyng, God woot, but vanitee in sweven is.
2923 Swevenes engendren of replecciouns,
2924 And ofte of fume and of complecciouns,
2925 Whan humours been to habundant in a wight.
2926 Certes this dreem, which ye han met to-nyght,
2927 Cometh of the greete superfluytee
2928 Of youre rede colera, pardee,
2929 Which causeth folk to dreden in hir dremes
2930 Of arwes, and of fyr with rede lemes,
2931 Of rede beestes, that they wol hem byte,
2932 Of contek, and of whelpes, grete and lyte;
2933 Right as the humour of malencolie
2934 Causeth ful many a man in sleep to crie
2935 For feere of blake beres, or boles blake,
2936 Or elles blake develes wole hem take.
2937 Of othere humours koude I telle also
2938 That werken many a man sleep ful wo;
2939 But I wol passe as lightly as I kan.
2940 Lo catoun, which that was so wys a man,
2941 Seyde he nat thus, -- ne do no fors of dremes? --
2942 Now sire, quod she, whan we flee for the bemes,
2943 For goddes love, as taak som laxatyf.
2944 Up peril of my soule and of my lyf,
2945 I conseille yow the beste, I wol nat lye,
2946 That bothe of colere and of malencolye
2947 Ye purge yow; and for ye shal nat tarie,
2948 Though in this toun is noon apothecarie,
2949 I shal myself to gerbes techen yow
2950 That shul been for youre hele and for youre prow;
2951 And in oure yeerd tho herbes shal I fynde
2952 The whiche han of hire propretee by kynde
2953 To purge yow bynethe and eek above.
2954 Foryet nat this, for goddes owene love!
2955 Ye been ful coleryk of compleccioun;
2956 Ware the sonne in his ascencioun
2957 Ne fynde yow nat repleet of humours hoote.
2958 And if it do, I dar wel leye a grote,
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
Page 201
2959 That ye shul have a fevere tercaine,
2960 Of an agu, that may be youre bane.
2961 A day or two ye shul have digestyves
2962 Of wormes, er ye take youre laxatyves
2963 Of lawriol, centaure, and fumetere,
2964 Or elles of ellebor, that groweth there,
2965 Of katapuce, or of gaitrys beryis,
2966 Of herbe yve, growyng in oure yeerd, ther mery is;
2967 Pekke hem up right as they growe and ete hem yn.
2968 By myrie, housbonde, for youre fader kyn~
2969 Dredeth no dreem, I kan sey yow namoore.
2970 Madame, quod he, graunt mercy of youre loore.
2971 But nathelees, as touchyng daun catoun,
2972 That hath of wysdom swich a greet renoun,
2973 Though that he bad no dremes for to drede,
2974 By god, men may in olde bookes rede
2975 Of many a man moore of auctorite
2976 Than evere caton was, so moot I thee,
2977 That al the revers seyn of this sentence,
2978 And han wel founden by experience
2979 That dremes been significaciouns
2980 As wel of joye as of tribulaciouns
2981 That folk enduren in this lif present.
2982 Ther nedeth make of this noon argument;
2983 The verray preeve sheweth it in dede.
2984 Oon of the gretteste auctour that men rede
2985 Seith thus: that whilom two felawes wente
2986 On pilgrimage, in a ful good entente;
2987 And happed so, yhey coomen in a toun
2988 Wher as ther was swich congregacioun
2989 Of peple, and eek so streit of herbergage,
2990 That they ne founde as muche as cotage
2991 In which they bothe myghte ylogged bee.
2992 Wherfore they mosten of necessitee,
2993 As for that nyght,departen compaignye;
2994 And ech of hem gooth to his hostelrye,
2995 And took his loggyng as it wolde falle.
2996 That oon of hem was logged in a stalle,
2997 Fer in a yeerd, with oxen of the plough;
2998 That oother man was logged wel ynough,
2999 As was his aventure or his fortune,
3000 That us governeth alle as in commune.
3001 And so bifel that, longe er it were day,
3002 This man mette in his bed, ther as he lay
3003 How that his felawe gan upon hym calle,
3004 And seyde,, -- allas! for in an oxes stalle
3005 This nyght I shal be mordred ther I lye.
3006 Now help me,deere brother, or I dye.
3007 In alle haste com to me! -- he sayde.
3008 This man out of his sleep for feere abrayde;
3009 But whan that he was wakened of this sleep,
3010 He turned hym, and took of this no keep.
3011 Hym thoughte his dreem nas but a vanitte.
3012 Thus twies in his slepyng dremed hee;
3013 And atte thridde tyme yet his felawe
3014 Cam, as hym thoughte, and seide, -- I am now slawe.
3015 Bihood my bloody woundes depe and wyde!
3016 Arys up erly in the morwe tyde,
3017 And at the west gate of the toun, -- quod he,
3018 -- A carte ful of dong ther shaltow se,
3019 In which my body is hid ful prively;
3020 Do thilke carte arresten boldely.
3021 My gold caused my mordre, sooth to sayn.,
3022 And tolde hym every point how he was slayn,
3023 With a ful pitous face, pale of hewe.
3024 And truste wel, his dreem he foond ful trewe,
3025 For on the morwe, as soone as it was day,
3026 To his felawes in he took the way;
3027 And whan that he cam to his oxes stalle,
3028 After his felawe he bigan to calle.
3029 The hostiler answerede hym anon,
3030 And seyde,,sire, your felawe is agon.
3031 As soone as day he wente out of the toun.,
3032 This man gan fallen suspecioun,
3033 Remembrynge on his dremes that he mette,
3034 And forth he gooth no lenger wolde he lette
3035 Unto the west gate of the toun, and fond
3036 A dong carte, wente as it were to donge lond,
3037 That was arrayed in that same wise
3038 As ye han herd the dede man devyse.
3039 And with an hardy herte he gan to crye
3040 Vengeance and justice of this felonye.
3041 My felawe mordred is this same nyght,
3042 And in this carte he lith gapyng upright.
3043 I crye out on the ministres, -- quod he,
3044 -- That sholden kepe and reulen this citee.
3045 Harrow! allas! heere lith my felawe slayn! --
3046 What sholde I moore unto this tale sayn?
3047 The peple out sterte and caste the cart to grounde,
3048 And in the myddel of the dong they founde
3049 The dede man, that mordred was al newe.
3050 O blisful god, that art so just and trewe,
3051 Lo, how that thou biwryest mordre alway!
3052 Mordre wol out, that se we day by day.
3053 Mordre is so wlatsom and abhomynable
3054 To god, that is so just and resonable,
3055 That he ne wol nat suffre it heled be,
3056 Though it abyde a yeer, or two, or thre.
3057 Mordre wol out, this my conclusioun.

Se voc preferir, que tal o ingls do sculo X?
Beowulf
Verse Indeterminate Saxon
Hwt! We Gardena in geardagum,
eodcyninga, rym gefrunon,
hu a elingas ellen fremedon.
Oft Scyld Scefing sceaena reatum,
5
monegum mgum, meodosetla ofteah,
egsode eorlas. Syan rest wear
feasceaft funden, he s frofre gebad,
weox under wolcnum, weormyndum ah,
ot him ghwylc ara ymbsittendra
10
ofer hronrade hyran scolde,
gomban gyldan. t ws god cyning!
m eafera ws fter cenned,
geong in geardum, one god sende
folce to frofre; fyrenearfe ongeat
15
e hie r drugon aldorlease
lange hwile. Him s liffrea,
wuldres wealdend, woroldare forgeaf;
Beowulf ws breme (bld wide sprang),
Scyldes eafera Scedelandum in.
20
Swa sceal geong guma gode gewyrcean,
fromum feohgiftum on fder bearme,
t hine on ylde eft gewunigen
wilgesias, onne wig cume,
leode gelsten; lofddum sceal
25
in mga gehwre man geeon.
Him a Scyld gewat to gescphwile
felahror feran on frean wre.
Hi hyne a tbron to brimes faroe,
swse gesias, swa he selfa bd,
30
enden wordum weold wine Scyldinga;
leof landfruma lange ahte.
r t hye stod hringedstefna,
isig ond utfus, elinges fr.
Aledon a leofne eoden,
35
beaga bryttan, on bearm scipes,
mrne be mste. r ws madma fela
of feorwegum, frtwa, gelded;
ne hyrde ic cymlicor ceol gegyrwan
hildewpnum ond heaowdum,
40
billum ond byrnum; him on bearme lg
madma mnigo, a him mid scoldon
on flodes ht feor gewitan.
Nals hi hine lssan lacum teodan,
eodgestreonum, on a dydon
45
e hine t frumsceafte for onsendon
nne ofer ye umborwesende.
a gyt hie him asetton segen geldenne
heah ofer heafod, leton holm beran,
geafon on garsecg; him ws geomor sefa,
50
murnende mod. Men ne cunnon
secgan to soe, selerdende,
hle under heofenum, hwa m hlste onfeng.
a ws on burgum Beowulf Scyldinga,
leof leodcyning, longe rage
55
folcum gefrge (fder ellor hwearf,
aldor of earde), ot him eft onwoc
heah Healfdene; heold enden lifde,
gamol ond gureouw, glde Scyldingas.
m feower bearn for gerimed
60
in worold wocun, weoroda rswan,
Heorogar ond Hrogar ond Halga til;
hyrde ic t ws Onelan cwen,
Heaoscilfingas healsgebedda.
a ws Hrogare heresped gyfen,
65
wiges weormynd, t him his winemagas
georne hyrdon, o t seo geogo geweox,
magodriht micel. Him on mod bearn
t healreced hatan wolde,
medorn micel, men gewyrcean
70
onne yldo bearn fre gefrunon,
ond r on innan eall gedlan
geongum ond ealdum, swylc him god sealde,
buton folcscare ond feorum gumena.
a ic wide gefrgn weorc gebannan
75
manigre mge geond isne middangeard,
folcstede frtwan. Him on fyrste gelomp,
dre mid yldum, t hit wear ealgearo,
healrna mst; scop him Heort naman
se e his wordes geweald wide hfde.
80
He beot ne aleh, beagas dlde,
sinc t symle. Sele hlifade,
heah ond horngeap, heaowylma bad,
laan liges; ne ws hit lenge a gen
t se ecghete aumsweorum
85
fter wlnie wcnan scolde.
a se ellengst earfolice
rage geolode, se e in ystrum bad,
t he dogora gehwam dream gehyrde
hludne in healle; r ws hearpan sweg,
90
swutol sang scopes. Sgde se e cue
frumsceaft fira feorran reccan,
cw t se lmihtiga eoran worhte,
wlitebeorhtne wang, swa wter bebuge,
gesette sigehreig sunnan ond monan
95
leoman to leohte landbuendum
ond gefrtwade foldan sceatas
leomum ond leafum, lif eac gesceop
cynna gehwylcum ara e cwice hwyrfa.
Swa a drihtguman dreamum lifdon
100
eadiglice, ot an ongan
fyrene fremman feond on helle.
Ws se grimma gst Grendel haten,
mre mearcstapa, se e moras heold,
fen ond fsten; fifelcynnes eard
105
wonsli wer weardode hwile,
sian him scyppend forscrifen hfde
in Caines cynne. one cwealm gewrc
ece drihten, s e he Abel slog;
ne gefeah he re fhe, ac he hine feor forwrc,
110
metod for y mane, mancynne fram.
anon untydras ealle onwocon,
eotenas ond ylfe ond orcneas,
swylce gigantas, a wi gode wunnon
lange rage; he him s lean forgeald.
115
Gewat a neosian, syan niht becom,
hean huses, hu hit Hringdene
fter beorege gebun hfdon.
Fand a r inne elinga gedriht
swefan fter symble; sorge ne cuon,
120
wonsceaft wera. Wiht unhlo,
grim ond grdig, gearo sona ws,
reoc ond ree, ond on rste genam
ritig egna, anon eft gewat
hue hremig to ham faran,
125
mid re wlfylle wica neosan.
a ws on uhtan mid rdge
Grendles gucrft gumum undyrne;
a ws fter wiste wop up ahafen,
micel morgensweg. Mre eoden,
130
eling rgod, unblie st,
olode ryswy, egnsorge dreah,
syan hie s laan last sceawedon,
wergan gastes; ws t gewin to strang,
la ond longsum. Ns hit lengra fyrst,
135
ac ymb ane niht eft gefremede
morbeala mare ond no mearn fore,
fhe ond fyrene; ws to fst on am.
a ws eafynde e him elles hwr
gerumlicor rste sohte,
140
bed fter burum, a him gebeacnod ws,
gesgd solice sweotolan tacne
healegnes hete; heold hyne syan
fyr ond fstor se m feonde twand.
Swa rixode ond wi rihte wan,
145
ana wi eallum, ot idel stod
husa selest. Ws seo hwil micel;
XII wintra tid torn geolode
wine Scyldinga, weana gehwelcne,
sidra sorga. Foram secgum wear,
150
ylda bearnum, undyrne cu,
gyddum geomore, tte Grendel wan
hwile wi Hrogar, hetenias wg,
fyrene ond fhe fela missera,
singale sce, sibbe ne wolde
155
wi manna hwone mgenes Deniga,
feorhbealo feorran, fea ingian,
ne r nnig witena wenan orfte
beorhtre bote to banan folmum,
ac se glca ehtende ws,
160
deorc deascua, dugue ond geogoe,
seomade ond syrede, sinnihte heold
mistige moras; men ne cunnon
hwyder helrunan hwyrftum scria.
Swa fela fyrena feond mancynnes,
165
atol angengea, oft gefremede,
heardra hyna. Heorot eardode,
sincfage sel sweartum nihtum;
no he one gifstol gretan moste,
maum for metode, ne his myne wisse.
170
t ws wrc micel wine Scyldinga,
modes breca. Monig oft gest
rice to rune; rd eahtedon
hwt swiferhum selest wre
wi frgryrum to gefremmanne.
175
Hwilum hie geheton t hrgtrafum
wigweorunga, wordum bdon
t him gastbona geoce gefremede
wi eodreaum. Swylc ws eaw hyra,
henra hyht; helle gemundon
180
in modsefan, metod hie ne cuon,
dda demend, ne wiston hie drihten god,
ne hie huru heofena helm herian ne cuon,
wuldres waldend. Wa bi m e sceal
urh sline ni sawle bescufan
185
in fyres fm, frofre ne wenan,
wihte gewendan; wel bi m e mot
fter deadge drihten secean
ond to fder fmum freoo wilnian.
Swa a mlceare maga Healfdenes
190
singala sea, ne mihte snotor hle
wean onwendan; ws t gewin to swy,
la ond longsum, e on a leode becom,
nydwracu nigrim, nihtbealwa mst.
t fram ham gefrgn Higelaces egn,
195
god mid Geatum, Grendles dda;
se ws moncynnes mgenes strengest
on m dge ysses lifes,
ele ond eacen. Het him ylidan
godne gegyrwan, cw, he gucyning
200
ofer swanrade secean wolde,
mrne eoden, a him ws manna earf.
one sift him snotere ceorlas
lythwon logon, eah he him leof wre;
hwetton higerofne, hl sceawedon.
205
Hfde se goda Geata leoda
cempan gecorone ara e he cenoste
findan mihte; XVna sum
sundwudu sohte; secg wisade,
lagucrftig mon, landgemyrcu.
210
Fyrst for gewat. Flota ws on yum,
bat under beorge. Beornas gearwe
on stefn stigon; streamas wundon,
sund wi sande; secgas bron
on bearm nacan beorhte frtwe,
215
gusearo geatolic; guman ut scufon,
weras on wilsi, wudu bundenne.
Gewat a ofer wgholm, winde gefysed,
flota famiheals fugle gelicost,
ot ymb antid ores dogores
220
wundenstefna gewaden hfde
t a liende land gesawon,
brimclifu blican, beorgas steape,
side snssas; a ws sund liden,
eoletes t ende. anon up hrae
225
Wedera leode on wang stigon,
swudu sldon (syrcan hrysedon,
gugewdo), gode ancedon
s e him ylade eae wurdon.
a of wealle geseah weard Scildinga,
230
se e holmclifu healdan scolde,
beran ofer bolcan beorhte randas,
fyrdsearu fuslicu; hine fyrwyt brc
modgehygdum, hwt a men wron.
Gewat him a to waroe wicge ridan
235
egn Hrogares, rymmum cwehte
mgenwudu mundum, meelwordum frgn:
"Hwt syndon ge searohbbendra,
byrnum werede, e us brontne ceol
ofer lagustrte ldan cwomon,
240
hider ofer holmas? ...le ws
endesta, gwearde heold,
e on land Dena lara nnig
mid scipherge scean ne meahte.
No her culicor cuman ongunnon
245
lindhbbende; ne ge leafnesword
gufremmendra gearwe ne wisson,
maga gemedu. Nfre ic maran geseah
eorla ofer eoran onne is eower sum,
secg on searwum; nis t seldguma,
250
wpnum geweorad, nfne him his wlite leoge,
nlic ansyn. Nu ic eower sceal
frumcyn witan, r ge fyr heonan,
leassceaweras, on land Dena
furur feran. Nu ge feorbuend,
255
mereliende, minne gehyra
anfealdne geoht: Ofost is selest
to gecyanne hwanan eowre cyme syndon."
Him se yldesta ondswarode,
werodes wisa, wordhord onleac:
260
"We synt gumcynnes Geata leode
ond Higelaces heorgeneatas.
Ws min fder folcum gecyed,
ele ordfruma, Ecgeow haten.
Gebad wintra worn, r he on weg hwurfe,
265
gamol of geardum; hine gearwe geman
witena welhwylc wide geond eoran.
We urh holdne hige hlaford inne,
sunu Healfdenes, secean cwomon,
leodgebyrgean; wes u us larena god.
270
Habba we to m mran micel rende,
Deniga frean, ne sceal r dyrne sum
wesan, s ic wene. u wast (gif hit is
swa we solice secgan hyrdon)
t mid Scyldingum sceaona ic nat hwylc,
275
deogol ddhata, deorcum nihtum
eawe urh egsan uncune ni,
hynu ond hrafyl. Ic s Hrogar mg
urh rumne sefan rd gelran,
hu he frod ond god feond oferswye,
280
gyf him edwendan fre scolde
bealuwa bisigu, bot eft cuman,
ond a cearwylmas colran wura;
oe a syan earforage,
reanyd ola, enden r wuna
285
on heahstede husa selest."
Weard maelode, r on wicge st,
ombeht unforht: "ghwres sceal
scearp scyldwiga gescad witan,
worda ond worca, se e wel ence.
290
Ic t gehyre, t is is hold weorod
frean Scyldinga. Gewita for beran
wpen ond gewdu; ic eow wisige.
Swylce ic maguegnas mine hate
wi feonda gehwone flotan eowerne,
295
niwtyrwydne nacan on sande
arum healdan, ot eft byre
ofer lagustreamas leofne mannan
wudu wundenhals to Wedermearce,
godfremmendra swylcum gifee bi
300
t one hilders hal gedige."
Gewiton him a feran. Flota stille bad,
seomode on sale sidfmed scip,
on ancre fst. Eoforlic scionon
ofer hleorberan gehroden golde,
305
fah ond fyrheard; ferhwearde heold
gumod grimmon. Guman onetton,
sigon tsomne, ot hy sl timbred,
geatolic ond goldfah, ongyton mihton;
t ws foremrost foldbuendum
310
receda under roderum, on m se rica bad;
lixte se leoma ofer landa fela.
Him a hildedeor hof modigra
torht gethte, t hie him to mihton
gegnum gangan; gubeorna sum
315
wicg gewende, word fter cw:
"Ml is me to feran; fder alwalda
mid arstafum eowic gehealde
sia gesunde. Ic to s wille
wi wra werod wearde healdan."
320
Strt ws stanfah, stig wisode
gumum tgdere. Gubyrne scan
heard hondlocen, hringiren scir
song in searwum, a hie to sele furum
in hyra gryregeatwum gangan cwomon.
325
Setton smee side scyldas,
rondas regnhearde, wi s recedes weal,
bugon a to bence. Byrnan hringdon,
gusearo gumena; garas stodon,
smanna searo, samod tgdere,
330
scholt ufan grg; ws se irenreat
wpnum gewurad. a r wlonc hle
oretmecgas fter elum frgn:
"Hwanon ferigea ge ftte scyldas,
grge syrcan ond grimhelmas,
335
heresceafta heap? Ic eom Hrogares
ar ond ombiht. Ne seah ic eleodige
us manige men modiglicran.
Wen ic t ge for wlenco, nalles for wrcsium,
ac for higerymmum Hrogar sohton."
340
Him a ellenrof andswarode,
wlanc Wedera leod, word fter sprc,
heard under helme: "We synt Higelaces
beodgeneatas; Beowulf is min nama.
Wille ic asecgan sunu Healfdenes,
345
mrum eodne, min rende,
aldre inum, gif he us geunnan wile
t we hine swa godne gretan moton."
Wulfgar maelode (t ws Wendla leod;
ws his modsefa manegum gecyed,
350
wig ond wisdom): "Ic s wine Deniga,
frean Scildinga, frinan wille,
beaga bryttan, swa u bena eart,
eoden mrne, ymb inne si,
ond e a ondsware dre gecyan
355
e me se goda agifan ence."
Hwearf a hrdlice r Hrogar st
eald ond anhar mid his eorla gedriht;
eode ellenrof, t he for eaxlum gestod
Deniga frean; cue he dugue eaw.
360
Wulfgar maelode to his winedrihtne:
"Her syndon geferede, feorran cumene
ofer geofenes begang Geata leode;
one yldestan oretmecgas
Beowulf nemna. Hy benan synt
365
t hie, eoden min, wi e moton
wordum wrixlan. No u him wearne geteoh
inra gegncwida, gldman Hrogar.
Hy on wiggetawum wyre incea
eorla gehtlan; huru se aldor deah,
370
se m heaorincum hider wisade."
Hrogar maelode, helm Scyldinga:
"Ic hine cue cnihtwesende.
Ws his ealdfder Ecgeo haten,
m to ham forgeaf Hreel Geata
375
angan dohtor; is his eafora nu
heard her cumen, sohte holdne wine.
onne sgdon t sliende,
a e gifsceattas Geata fyredon
yder to ance, t he XXXtiges
380
manna mgencrft on his mundgripe
heaorof hbbe. Hine halig god
for arstafum us onsende,
to Westdenum, s ic wen hbbe,
wi Grendles gryre. Ic m godan sceal
385
for his modrce madmas beodan.
Beo u on ofeste, hat in gan
seon sibbegedriht samod tgdere;
gesaga him eac wordum t hie sint wilcuman
Deniga leodum."
390
word inne abead:
"Eow het secgan sigedrihten min,
aldor Eastdena, t he eower elu can,
ond ge him syndon ofer swylmas
heardhicgende hider wilcuman.
395
Nu ge moton gangan in eowrum gugeatawum
under heregriman Hrogar geseon;
lta hildebord her onbidan,
wudu, wlsceaftas, worda geinges."
Aras a se rica, ymb hine rinc manig,
400
rylic egna heap; sume r bidon,
heaoreaf heoldon, swa him se hearda bebead.
Snyredon tsomne, a secg wisode,
under Heorotes hrof
heard under helme, t he on heoe gestod.
405
Beowulf maelode (on him byrne scan,
searonet seowed smies orancum):
"Ws u, Hrogar, hal! Ic eom Higelaces
mg ond magoegn; hbbe ic mra fela
ongunnen on geogoe. Me wear Grendles ing
410
on minre eeltyrf undyrne cu;
secga sliend t s sele stande,
reced selesta, rinca gehwylcum
idel ond unnyt, sian fenleoht
under heofenes hador beholen weore.
415
a me t gelrdon leode mine
a selestan, snotere ceorlas,
eoden Hrogar, t ic e sohte,
foran hie mgenes crft minne cuon,
selfe ofersawon, a ic of searwum cwom,
420
fah from feondum, r ic fife geband,
yde eotena cyn ond on yum slog
niceras nihtes, nearoearfe dreah,
wrc Wedera ni (wean ahsodon),
forgrand gramum, ond nu wi Grendel sceal,
425
wi am aglcan, ana gehegan
ing wi yrse. Ic e nu a,
brego Beorhtdena, biddan wille,
eodor Scyldinga, anre bene,
t u me ne forwyrne, wigendra hleo,
430
freowine folca, nu ic us feorran com,
t ic mote ana ond minra eorla gedryht,
es hearda heap, Heorot flsian.
Hbbe ic eac geahsod t se glca
for his wonhydum wpna ne recce.
435
Ic t onne forhicge (swa me Higelac sie,
min mondrihten, modes blie),
t ic sweord bere oe sidne scyld,
geolorand to gue, ac ic mid grape sceal
fon wi feonde ond ymb feorh sacan,
440
la wi laum; r gelyfan sceal
dryhtnes dome se e hine dea nime.
Wen ic t he wille, gif he wealdan mot,
in m gusele Geotena leode
etan unforhte, swa he oft dyde,
445
mgen Hremanna. Na u minne earft
hafalan hydan, ac he me habban wile
dreore fahne, gif mec dea nime.
Byre blodig wl, byrgean ence,
ete angenga unmurnlice,
450
mearca morhopu; no u ymb mines ne earft
lices feorme leng sorgian.
Onsend Higelace, gif mec hild nime,
beaduscruda betst, t mine breost were,
hrgla selest; t is Hrdlan laf,
455
Welandes geweorc. G a wyrd swa hio scel."
Hrogar maelode, helm Scyldinga:
"For gewyrhtum u, wine min Beowulf,
ond for arstafum usic sohtest.
Gesloh in fder fhe mste;
460
wear he Heaolafe to handbonan
mid Wilfingum; a hine Wedera cyn
for herebrogan habban ne mihte.
anon he gesohte Sudena folc
ofer ya gewealc, Arscyldinga.
465
a ic furum weold folce Deniga
ond on geogoe heold ginne rice,
hordburh hlea; a ws Heregar dead,
min yldra mg unlifigende,
bearn Healfdenes; se ws betera onne ic.
470
Sian a fhe feo ingode;
sende ic Wylfingum ofer wteres hrycg
ealde madmas; he me aas swor.
Sorh is me to secganne on sefan minum
gumena ngum hwt me Grendel hafa
475
hyno on Heorote mid his heteancum,
frnia gefremed. Is min fletwerod,
wigheap gewanod; hie wyrd forsweop
on Grendles gryre. God eae mg
one dolsceaan dda getwfan.
480
Ful oft gebeotedon beore druncne
ofer ealowge oretmecgas
t hie in beorsele bidan woldon
Grendles gue mid gryrum ecga.
onne ws eos medoheal on morgentid,
485
drihtsele dreorfah, onne dg lixte,
eal bencelu blode bestymed,
heall heorudreore; ahte ic holdra y ls,
deorre dugue, e a dea fornam.
Site nu to symle ond onsl meoto,
490
sigehre secgum, swa in sefa hwette."
a ws Geatmcgum geador tsomne
on beorsele benc gerymed;
r swiferhe sittan eodon,
ryum dealle. egn nytte beheold,
495
se e on handa br hroden ealowge,
scencte scir wered. Scop hwilum sang
hador on Heorote. r ws hlea dream,
dugu unlytel Dena ond Wedera.
Unfer maelode, Ecglafes bearn,
500
e t fotum st frean Scyldinga,
onband beadurune (ws him Beowulfes si,
modges merefaran, micel funca,
foron e he ne ue t nig oer man
fre mra on ma middangeardes
505
gehedde under heofenum onne he sylfa):
"Eart u se Beowulf, se e wi Brecan wunne,
on sidne s ymb sund flite,
r git for wlence wada cunnedon
ond for dolgilpe on deop wter
510
aldrum nedon? Ne inc nig mon,
ne leof ne la, belean mihte
sorhfullne si, a git on sund reon.
r git eagorstream earmum ehton,
mton merestrta, mundum brugdon,
515
glidon ofer garsecg; geofon yum weol,
wintrys wylmum. Git on wteres ht
seofon niht swuncon; he e t sunde oferflat,
hfde mare mgen. a hine on morgentid
on Heaormas holm up tbr;
520
onon he gesohte swsne ,
leof his leodum, lond Brondinga,
freooburh fgere, r he folc ahte,
burh ond beagas. Beot eal wi e
sunu Beanstanes soe gelste.
525
onne wene ic to e wyrsan geingea,
eah u heaorsa gehwr dohte,
grimre gue, gif u Grendles dearst
nihtlongne fyrst nean bidan."
Beowulf maelode, bearn Ecgeowes:
530
"Hwt! u worn fela, wine min Unfer,
beore druncen ymb Brecan sprce,
sgdest from his sie. So ic talige,
t ic merestrengo maran ahte,
earfeo on yum, onne nig oer man.
535
Wit t gecwdon cnihtwesende
ond gebeotedon (wron begen a git
on geogofeore) t wit on garsecg ut
aldrum nedon, ond t gefndon swa.
Hfdon swurd nacod, a wit on sund reon,
540
heard on handa; wit unc wi hronfixas
werian ohton. No he wiht fram me
flodyum feor fleotan meahte,
hraor on holme; no ic fram him wolde.
a wit tsomne on s wron
545
fif nihta fyrst, ot unc flod todraf,
wado weallende, wedera cealdost,
nipende niht, ond noranwind
heaogrim ondhwearf; hreo wron ya.
Ws merefixa mod onhrered;
550
r me wi laum licsyrce min,
heard, hondlocen, helpe gefremede,
beadohrgl broden on breostum lg
golde gegyrwed. Me to grunde teah
fah feondscaa, fste hfde
555
grim on grape; hwre me gyfee wear
t ic aglcan orde gerhte,
hildebille; heaors fornam
mihtig meredeor urh mine hand.
Swa mec gelome lageteonan
560
reatedon earle. Ic him enode
deoran sweorde, swa hit gedefe ws.
Ns hie re fylle gefean hfdon,
manforddlan, t hie me egon,
symbel ymbston sgrunde neah;
565
ac on mergenne mecum wunde
be ylafe uppe lgon,
sweordum aswefede, t syan na
ymb brontne ford brimliende
lade ne letton. Leoht eastan com,
570
beorht beacen godes; brimu swaredon,
t ic snssas geseon mihte,
windige weallas. Wyrd oft nere
unfgne eorl, onne his ellen deah.
Hwere me geslde t ic mid sweorde ofsloh
575
niceras nigene. No ic on niht gefrgn
under heofones hwealf heardran feohtan,
ne on egstreamum earmran mannon;
hwaere ic fara feng feore gedigde,
sies werig. a mec s obr,
580
flod fter faroe on Finna land,
wadu weallendu. No ic wiht fram e
swylcra searonia secgan hyrde,
billa brogan. Breca nfre git
t heaolace, ne gehwer incer,
585
swa deorlice dd gefremede
fagum sweordum (no ic s fela gylpe),
eah u inum brorum to banan wurde,
heafodmgum; s u in helle scealt
werho dreogan, eah in wit duge.
590
Secge ic e to soe, sunu Ecglafes,
t nfre Grendel swa fela gryra gefremede,
atol glca, ealdre inum,
hyno on Heorote, gif in hige wre,
sefa swa searogrim, swa u self talast.
595
Ac he hafa onfunden t he a fhe ne earf,
atole ecgrce eower leode
swie onsittan, Sigescyldinga;
nyme nydbade, nnegum ara
leode Deniga, ac he lust wige,
600
swefe ond sende, secce ne wene
to Gardenum. Ac ic him Geata sceal
eafo ond ellen ungeara nu,
gue gebeodan. G eft se e mot
to medo modig, sian morgenleoht
605
ofer ylda bearn ores dogores,
sunne sweglwered suan scine."
a ws on salum sinces brytta,
gamolfeax ond gurof; geoce gelyfde
brego Beorhtdena, gehyrde on Beowulfe
610
folces hyrde fstrdne geoht.
r ws hlea hleahtor, hlyn swynsode,
word wron wynsume. Eode Wealheow for,
cwen Hrogares, cynna gemyndig,
grette goldhroden guman on healle,
615
ond a freolic wif ful gesealde
rest Eastdena eelwearde,
bd hine bline t re beorege,
leodum leofne. He on lust geeah
symbel ond seleful, sigerof kyning.
620
Ymbeode a ides Helminga
dugue ond geogoe dl ghwylcne,
sincfato sealde, ot sl alamp
t hio Beowulfe, beaghroden cwen
mode geungen, medoful tbr;
625
grette Geata leod, gode ancode
wisfst wordum s e hire se willa gelamp
t heo on nigne eorl gelyfde
fyrena frofre. He t ful geeah,
wlreow wiga, t Wealheon,
630
ond a gyddode gue gefysed;
Beowulf maelode, bearn Ecgeowes:
"Ic t hogode, a ic on holm gestah,
sbat gest mid minra secga gedriht,
t ic anunga eowra leoda
635
willan geworhte oe on wl crunge,
feondgrapum fst. Ic gefremman sceal
eorlic ellen, oe endedg
on isse meoduhealle minne gebidan."
am wife a word wel licodon,
640
gilpcwide Geates; eode goldhroden
freolicu folccwen to hire frean sittan.
a ws eft swa r inne on healle
ryword sprecen, eod on slum,
sigefolca sweg, ot semninga
645
sunu Healfdenes secean wolde
fenrste; wiste m ahlcan
to m heahsele hilde geinged,
sian hie sunnan leoht geseon ne meahton,
oe nipende niht ofer ealle,
650
scaduhelma gesceapu scrian cwoman,
wan under wolcnum. Werod eall aras.
Gegrette a guma oerne,
Hrogar Beowulf, ond him hl abead,
winrnes geweald, ond t word acw:
655
"Nfre ic negum men r alyfde,
sian ic hond ond rond hebban mihte,
ryrn Dena buton e nu a.
Hafa nu ond geheald husa selest,
gemyne mro, mgenellen cy,
660
waca wi wraum. Ne bi e wilna gad,
gif u t ellenweorc aldre gedigest."
a him Hrogar gewat mid his hlea gedryht,
eodur Scyldinga, ut of healle;
wolde wigfruma Wealheo secan,
665
cwen to gebeddan. Hfde kyningwuldor
Grendle togeanes, swa guman gefrungon,
seleweard aseted; sundornytte beheold
ymb aldor Dena, eotonweard abead.
Huru Geata leod georne truwode
670
modgan mgnes, metodes hyldo.
a he him of dyde isernbyrnan,
helm of hafelan, sealde his hyrsted sweord,
irena cyst, ombihtegne,
ond gehealdan het hildegeatwe.
675
Gesprc a se goda gylpworda sum,
Beowulf Geata, r he on bed stige:
"No ic me an herewsmun hnagran talige,
gugeweorca, onne Grendel hine;
foran ic hine sweorde swebban nelle,
680
aldre beneotan, eah ic eal mge.
Nat he ara goda t he me ongean slea,
rand geheawe, eah e he rof sie
nigeweorca; ac wit on niht sculon
secge ofersittan, gif he gesecean dear
685
wig ofer wpen, ond sian witig god
on swa hwere hond, halig dryhten,
mro deme, swa him gemet ince."
Hylde hine a heaodeor, hleorbolster onfeng
eorles andwlitan, ond hine ymb monig
690
snellic srinc selereste gebeah.
Nnig heora ohte t he anon scolde
eft eardlufan fre gesecean,
folc oe freoburh, r he afeded ws;
ac hie hfdon gefrunen t hie r to fela micles
695
in m winsele wldea fornam,
Denigea leode. Ac him dryhten forgeaf
wigspeda gewiofu, Wedera leodum,
frofor ond fultum, t hie feond heora
urh anes crft ealle ofercomon,
700
selfes mihtum. So is gecyed
t mihtig god manna cynnes
weold wideferh. Com on wanre niht
scrian sceadugenga. Sceotend swfon,
a t hornreced healdan scoldon,
705
ealle buton anum. t ws yldum cu
t hie ne moste, a metod nolde,
se scynscaa under sceadu bregdan;
ac he wccende wraum on andan
bad bolgenmod beadwa geinges.
710
a com of more under misthleoum
Grendel gongan, godes yrre br;
mynte se manscaa manna cynnes
sumne besyrwan in sele am hean.
Wod under wolcnum to s e he winreced,
715
goldsele gumena, gearwost wisse,
fttum fahne. Ne ws t forma si
t he Hrogares ham gesohte;
nfre he on aldordagum r ne sian
heardran hle, healegnas fand.
720
Com a to recede rinc siian,
dreamum bedled. Duru sona onarn,
fyrbendum fst, syan he hire folmum thran;
onbrd a bealohydig, a he gebolgen ws,
recedes muan. Rae fter on
725
on fagne flor feond treddode,
eode yrremod; him of eagum stod
ligge gelicost leoht unfger.
Geseah he in recede rinca manige,
swefan sibbegedriht samod tgdere,
730
magorinca heap. a his mod ahlog;
mynte t he gedlde, ron dg cwome,
atol aglca, anra gehwylces
lif wi lice, a him alumpen ws
wistfylle wen. Ne ws t wyrd a gen
735
t he ma moste manna cynnes
icgean ofer a niht. ryswy beheold
mg Higelaces, hu se manscaa
under frgripum gefaran wolde.
Ne t se aglca yldan ohte,
740
ac he gefeng hrae forman sie
slpendne rinc, slat unwearnum,
bat banlocan, blod edrum dranc,
synsndum swealh; sona hfde
unlyfigendes eal gefeormod,
745
fet ond folma. For near tstop,
nam a mid handa higeihtigne
rinc on rste, rhte ongean
feond mid folme; he onfeng hrae
inwitancum ond wi earm gest.
750
Sona t onfunde fyrena hyrde
t he ne mette middangeardes,
eoran sceata, on elran men
mundgripe maran. He on mode wear
forht on ferhe; no y r fram meahte.
755
Hyge ws him hinfus, wolde on heolster fleon,
secan deofla gedrg; ne ws his drohto r
swylce he on ealderdagum r gemette.
Gemunde a se goda, mg Higelaces,
fensprce, uplang astod
760
ond him fste wifeng; fingras burston.
Eoten ws utweard; eorl furur stop.
Mynte se mra, r he meahte swa,
widre gewindan ond on weg anon
fleon on fenhopu; wiste his fingra geweald
765
on grames grapum. t ws geocor si
t se hearmscaa to Heorute ateah.
Dryhtsele dynede; Denum eallum wear,
ceasterbuendum, cenra gehwylcum,
eorlum ealuscerwen. Yrre wron begen,
770
ree renweardas. Reced hlynsode.
a ws wundor micel t se winsele
wihfde heaodeorum, t he on hrusan ne feol,
fger foldbold; ac he s fste ws
innan ond utan irenbendum
775
searooncum besmiod. r fram sylle abeag
medubenc monig, mine gefrge,
golde geregnad, r a graman wunnon.
s ne wendon r witan Scyldinga
t hit a mid gemete manna nig,
780
betlic ond banfag, tobrecan meahte,
listum tolucan, nyme liges fm
swulge on swaule. Sweg up astag
niwe geneahhe; Nordenum stod
atelic egesa, anra gehwylcum
785
ara e of wealle wop gehyrdon,
gryreleo galan godes ondsacan,
sigeleasne sang, sar wanigean
helle hfton. Heold hine fste
se e manna ws mgene strengest
790
on m dge ysses lifes.
Nolde eorla hleo nige inga
one cwealmcuman cwicne forltan,
ne his lifdagas leoda nigum
nytte tealde. r genehost brgd
795
eorl Beowulfes ealde lafe,
wolde freadrihtnes feorh ealgian,
mres eodnes, r hie meahton swa.
Hie t ne wiston, a hie gewin drugon,
heardhicgende hildemecgas,
800
ond on healfa gehwone heawan ohton,
sawle secan, one synscaan
nig ofer eoran irenna cyst,
gubilla nan, gretan nolde,
ac he sigewpnum forsworen hfde,
805
ecga gehwylcre. Scolde his aldorgedal
on m dge ysses lifes
earmlic wuran, ond se ellorgast
on feonda geweald feor siian.
a t onfunde se e fela ror
810
modes myre manna cynne,
fyrene gefremede (he ws fag wi god),
t him se lichoma lstan nolde,
ac hine se modega mg Hygelaces
hfde be honda; ws gehwer orum
815
lifigende la. Licsar gebad
atol glca; him on eaxle wear
syndolh sweotol, seonowe onsprungon,
burston banlocan. Beowulfe wear
guhre gyfee; scolde Grendel onan
820
feorhseoc fleon under fenhleou,
secean wynleas wic; wiste e geornor
t his aldres ws ende gegongen,
dogera dgrim. Denum eallum wear
fter am wlrse willa gelumpen.
825
Hfde a geflsod se e r feorran com,
snotor ond swyferh, sele Hrogares,
genered wi nie; nihtweorce gefeh,
ellenmrum. Hfde Eastdenum
Geatmecga leod gilp gelsted,
830
swylce oncye ealle gebette,
inwidsorge, e hie r drugon
ond for reanydum olian scoldon,
torn unlytel. t ws tacen sweotol,
syan hildedeor hond alegde,
835
earm ond eaxle (r ws eal geador
Grendles grape) under geapne hrof.
a ws on morgen mine gefrge
ymb a gifhealle gurinc monig;
ferdon folctogan feorran ond nean
840
geond widwegas wundor sceawian,
laes lastas. No his lifgedal
sarlic uhte secga negum
ara e tirleases trode sceawode,
hu he werigmod on weg anon,
845
nia ofercumen, on nicera mere
fge ond geflymed feorhlastas br.
r ws on blode brim weallende,
atol ya geswing eal gemenged
haton heolfre, heorodreore weol.
850
Deafge deog, sian dreama leas
in fenfreoo feorh alegde,
hene sawle; r him hel onfeng.
anon eft gewiton ealdgesias,
swylce geong manig of gomenwae
855
fram mere modge mearum ridan,
beornas on blancum. r ws Beowulfes
mro mned; monig oft gecw
tte su ne nor be sm tweonum
ofer eormengrund oer nnig
860
under swegles begong selra nre
rondhbbendra, rices wyrra.
Ne hie huru winedrihten wiht ne logon,
gldne Hrogar, ac t ws god cyning.
Hwilum heaorofe hleapan leton,
865
on geflit faran fealwe mearas
r him foldwegas fgere uhton,
cystum cue. Hwilum cyninges egn,
guma gilphlden, gidda gemyndig,
se e ealfela ealdgesegena
870
worn gemunde, word oer fand
soe gebunden; secg eft ongan
si Beowulfes snyttrum styrian
ond on sped wrecan spel gerade,
wordum wrixlan. Welhwylc gecw
875
t he fram Sigemundes secgan hyrde
ellenddum, uncues fela,
Wlsinges gewin, wide sias,
ara e gumena bearn gearwe ne wiston,
fhe ond fyrena, buton Fitela mid hine,
880
onne he swulces hwt secgan wolde,
eam his nefan, swa hie a wron
t nia gehwam nydgesteallan;
hfdon ealfela eotena cynnes
sweordum gesged. Sigemunde gesprong
885
fter deadge dom unlytel,
syan wiges heard wyrm acwealde,
hordes hyrde. He under harne stan,
elinges bearn, ana genede
frecne dde, ne ws him Fitela mid.
890
Hwre him geslde t t swurd urhwod
wrtlicne wyrm, t hit on wealle tstod,
dryhtlic iren; draca morre swealt.
Hfde aglca elne gegongen
t he beahhordes brucan moste
895
selfes dome; sbat gehleod,
br on bearm scipes beorhte frtwa,
Wlses eafera. Wyrm hat gemealt.
Se ws wreccena wide mrost
ofer wereode, wigendra hleo,
900
ellenddum (he s r onah),
sian Heremodes hild swerode,
eafo ond ellen. He mid Eotenum wear
on feonda geweald for forlacen,
snude forsended. Hine sorhwylmas
905
lemede to lange; he his leodum wear,
eallum ellingum to aldorceare;
swylce oft bemearn rran mlum
swiferhes si snotor ceorl monig,
se e him bealwa to bote gelyfde,
910
t t eodnes bearn geeon scolde,
fderelum onfon, folc gehealdan,
hord ond hleoburh, hlea rice,
Scyldinga. He r eallum wear,
mg Higelaces, manna cynne,
915
freondum gefgra; hine fyren onwod.
Hwilum flitende fealwe strte
mearum mton. a ws morgenleoht
scofen ond scynded. Eode scealc monig
swihicgende to sele am hean
920
searowundor seon; swylce self cyning
of brydbure, beahhorda weard,
tryddode tirfst getrume micle,
cystum gecyed, ond his cwen mid him
medostigge mt mga hose.
925
Hrogar maelode (he to healle geong,
stod on stapole, geseah steapne hrof,
golde fahne, ond Grendles hond):
"isse ansyne alwealdan anc
lungre gelimpe! Fela ic laes gebad,
930
grynna t Grendle; a mg god wyrcan
wunder fter wundre, wuldres hyrde.
t ws ungeara t ic nigra me
weana ne wende to widan feore
bote gebidan, onne blode fah
935
husa selest heorodreorig stod,
wea widscofen witena gehwylcum
ara e ne wendon t hie wideferh
leoda landgeweorc laum beweredon
scuccum ond scinnum. Nu scealc hafa
940
urh drihtnes miht dd gefremede
e we ealle r ne meahton
snyttrum besyrwan. Hwt, t secgan mg
efne swa hwylc mga swa one magan cende
fter gumcynnum, gyf heo gyt lyfa,
945
t hyre ealdmetod este wre
bearngebyrdo. Nu ic, Beowulf, ec,
secg betsta, me for sunu wylle
freogan on ferhe; heald for tela
niwe sibbe. Ne bi e nnigra gad
950
worolde wilna, e ic geweald hbbe.
Ful oft ic for lssan lean teohhode,
hordweorunge hnahran rince,
smran t scce. u e self hafast
ddum gefremed t in dom lyfa
955
awa to aldre. Alwalda ec
gode forgylde, swa he nu gyt dyde!"
Beowulf maelode, bearn Eceowes:
"We t ellenweorc estum miclum,
feohtan fremedon, frecne genedon
960
eafo uncues. Ue ic swior
t u hine selfne geseon moste,
feond on frtewum fylwerigne.
Ic hine hrdlice heardan clammum
on wlbedde wrian ohte,
965
t he for mundgripe minum scolde
licgean lifbysig, butan his lic swice.
Ic hine ne mihte, a metod nolde,
ganges getwman, no ic him s georne tfealh,
feorhgenilan; ws to foremihtig
970
feond on fee. Hwere he his folme forlet
to lifwrae last weardian,
earm ond eaxle. No r nige swa eah
feasceaft guma frofre gebohte;
no y leng leofa lageteona,
975
synnum geswenced, ac hyne sar hafa
mid nydgripe nearwe befongen,
balwon bendum. r abidan sceal
maga mane fah miclan domes,
hu him scir metod scrifan wille."
980
a ws swigra secg, sunu Eclafes,
on gylpsprce gugeweorca,
sian elingas eorles crfte
ofer heanne hrof hand sceawedon,
feondes fingras. Foran ghwylc ws,
985
stira ngla gehwylc, style gelicost,
henes handsporu hilderinces,
egl, unheoru. ghwylc gecw
t him heardra nan hrinan wolde
iren rgod, t s ahlcan
990
blodge beadufolme onberan wolde.
a ws haten hree Heort innanweard
folmum gefrtwod. Fela ra ws,
wera ond wifa, e t winreced,
gestsele gyredon. Goldfag scinon
995
web fter wagum, wundorsiona fela
secga gehwylcum ara e on swylc stara.
Ws t beorhte bold tobrocen swie,
eal inneweard irenbendum fst,
heorras tohlidene. Hrof ana gens,

1000
ealles ansund, e se aglca,
fyrenddum fag, on fleam gewand,
aldres orwena. No t ye by
to befleonne, fremme se e wille,
ac gesecan sceal sawlberendra,
1005
nyde genydde, nia bearna,
grundbuendra gearwe stowe,
r his lichoma legerbedde fst
swefe fter symle. a ws sl ond ml
t to healle gang Healfdenes sunu;
1010
wolde self cyning symbel icgan.
Ne gefrgen ic a mge maran weorode
ymb hyra sincgyfan sel gebran.
Bugon a to bence bldagande,
fylle gefgon; fgere gegon
1015
medoful manig magas ara
swihicgende on sele am hean,
Hrogar ond Hroulf. Heorot innan ws
freondum afylled; nalles facenstafas
eodscyldingas enden fremedon.
1020
Forgeaf a Beowulfe bearn Healfdenes
segen gyldenne sigores to leane;
hroden hildecumbor, helm ond byrnan,
mre maumsweord manige gesawon
beforan beorn beran. Beowulf geah
1025
ful on flette; no he re feohgyfte
for sceotendum scamigan orfte.
Ne gefrgn ic freondlicor feower madmas
golde gegyrede gummanna fela
in ealobence orum gesellan.
1030
Ymb s helmes hrof heafodbeorge
wirum bewunden walu utan heold,
t him fela laf frecne ne meahton
scurheard scean, onne scyldfreca
ongean gramum gangan scolde.
1035
Heht a eorla hleo eahta mearas
ftedhleore on flet teon,
in under eoderas. ara anum stod
sadol searwum fah, since gewurad;
t ws hildesetl heahcyninges,
1040
onne sweorda gelac sunu Healfdenes
efnan wolde. Nfre on ore lg
widcues wig, onne walu feollon.
Ond a Beowulfe bega gehwres
eodor Ingwina onweald geteah,
1045
wicga ond wpna, het hine wel brucan.
Swa manlice mre eoden,
hordweard hlea, heaorsas geald
mearum ond madmum, swa hy nfre man lyh,
se e secgan wile so fter rihte.
1050
a gyt ghwylcum eorla drihten
ara e mid Beowulfe brimlade teah
on re medubence maum gesealde,
yrfelafe, ond one nne heht
golde forgyldan, one e Grendel r
1055
mane acwealde, swa he hyra ma wolde,
nefne him witig god wyrd forstode
ond s mannes mod. Metod eallum weold
gumena cynnes, swa he nu git de.
Foran bi andgit ghwr selest,
1060
ferhes foreanc. Fela sceal gebidan
leofes ond laes se e longe her
on yssum windagum worolde bruce.
r ws sang ond sweg samod tgdere
fore Healfdenes hildewisan,
1065
gomenwudu greted, gid oft wrecen,
onne healgamen Hrogares scop
fter medobence mnan scolde
be Finnes eaferum, a hie se fr begeat,
hle Healfdena, Hnf Scyldinga,
1070
in Freswle feallan scolde.
Ne huru Hildeburh herian orfte
Eotena treowe; unsynnum wear
beloren leofum t am lindplegan,
bearnum ond brorum; hie on gebyrd hruron,
1075
gare wunde. t ws geomuru ides!
Nalles holinga Hoces dohtor
meotodsceaft bemearn, syan morgen com,
a heo under swegle geseon meahte
mororbealo maga, r heo r mste heold
1080
worolde wynne. Wig ealle fornam
Finnes egnas nemne feaum anum,
t he ne mehte on m meelstede
wig Hengeste wiht gefeohtan,
ne a wealafe wige forringan
1085
eodnes egna; ac hig him geingo budon,
t hie him oer flet eal gerymdon,
healle ond heahsetl, t hie healfre geweald
wi Eotena bearn agan moston,
ond t feohgyftum Folcwaldan sunu
1090
dogra gehwylce Dene weorode,
Hengestes heap hringum wenede
efne swa swie sincgestreonum
fttan goldes, swa he Fresena cyn
on beorsele byldan wolde.
1095
a hie getruwedon on twa healfa
fste friouwre. Fin Hengeste
elne, unflitme aum benemde
t he a wealafe weotena dome
arum heolde, t r nig mon
1100
wordum ne worcum wre ne brce,
ne urh inwitsearo fre gemnden
eah hie hira beaggyfan banan folgedon
eodenlease, a him swa geearfod ws;
gyf onne Frysna hwylc frecnan sprce
1105
s mororhetes myndgiend wre,
onne hit sweordes ecg sean scolde.
Ad ws gefned ond icge gold
ahfen of horde. Herescyldinga
betst beadorinca ws on bl gearu.
1110
t m ade ws egesyne
swatfah syrce, swyn ealgylden,
eofer irenheard, eling manig
wundum awyrded; sume on wle crungon.
Het a Hildeburh t Hnfes ade
1115
hire selfre sunu sweoloe befstan,
banfatu brnan ond on bl don
eame on eaxle. Ides gnornode,
geomrode giddum. Gurinc astah.
Wand to wolcnum wlfyra mst,
1120
hlynode for hlawe; hafelan multon,
bengeato burston, onne blod tspranc,
labite lices. Lig ealle forswealg,
gsta gifrost, ara e r gu fornam
bega folces; ws hira bld scacen.
1125
Gewiton him a wigend wica neosian,
freondum befeallen, Frysland geseon,
hamas ond heaburh. Hengest a gyt
wlfagne winter wunode mid Finne
eal unhlitme. Eard gemunde,
1130
eah e he ne meahte on mere drifan
hringedstefnan; holm storme weol,
won wi winde, winter ye beleac
isgebinde, ot oer com
gear in geardas, swa nu gyt de,
1135
a e syngales sele bewitia,
wuldortorhtan weder. a ws winter scacen,
fger foldan bearm. Fundode wrecca,
gist of geardum; he to gyrnwrce
swior ohte onne to slade,
1140
gif he torngemot urhteon mihte
t he Eotena bearn inne gemunde.
Swa he ne forwyrnde woroldrdenne,
onne him Hunlafing hildeleoman,
billa selest, on bearm dyde,
1145
s wron mid Eotenum ecge cue.
Swylce ferhfrecan Fin eft begeat
sweordbealo slien t his selfes ham,
sian grimne gripe Gulaf ond Oslaf
fter ssie, sorge, mndon,
1150
twiton weana dl; ne meahte wfre mod
forhabban in hrere. a ws heal roden
feonda feorum, swilce Fin slgen,
cyning on corre, ond seo cwen numen.
Sceotend Scyldinga to scypon feredon
1155
eal ingesteald eorcyninges,
swylce hie t Finnes ham findan meahton
sigla, searogimma. Hie on slade
drihtlice wif to Denum feredon,
lddon to leodum. Leo ws asungen,
1160
gleomannes gyd. Gamen eft astah,
beorhtode bencsweg; byrelas sealdon
win of wunderfatum. a cwom Wealheo for
gan under gyldnum beage, r a godan twegen
ston suhtergefderan; a gyt ws hiera sib tgdere,
1165
ghwylc orum trywe. Swylce r Unfer yle
t fotum st frean Scyldinga; gehwylc hiora his ferhe treowde,
t he hfde mod micel, eah e he his magum nre
arfst t ecga gelacum. Sprc a ides Scyldinga:
"Onfoh issum fulle, freodrihten min,
1170
sinces brytta! u on slum wes,
goldwine gumena, ond to Geatum sprc
mildum wordum, swa sceal man don.
Beo wi Geatas gld, geofena gemyndig,
nean ond feorran u nu hafast.
1175
Me man sgde t u e for sunu wolde
hererinc habban. Heorot is geflsod,
beahsele beorhta; bruc enden u mote
manigra medo, ond inum magum lf
folc ond rice, onne u for scyle
1180
metodsceaft seon. Ic minne can
gldne Hroulf, t he a geogoe wile
arum healdan, gyf u r onne he,
wine Scildinga, worold ofltest;
wene ic t he mid gode gyldan wille
1185
uncran eaferan, gif he t eal gemon,
hwt wit to willan ond to wormyndu